Sultan Kudarat is a province of the Philippines located in the SOCCSKSARGEN region inMindanao. Its capital is Isulan and borders Maguindanao and Cotabato to the north,South Cotabato and Sarangani to the south, and Davao del Sur to the east, and theCelebes Sea to the west.
As of the 2000 census, Sultan Kudarat has a total population of 586,505. The province formerly had a Muslim majority, but Christian migrants now outnumber Muslims and highlanders.
Maguindanaons live in the coastal towns of the province. Tribal groups with settlements in the province include the Blaan, Iranons, Tirurays and Manobo.
The most dominant language is Tiruray, though Hiligaynon (Ilonggo), Ilocano andCebuano are spoken in some municipalities. Maguindanao is the local language of the Muslim population.
The economy of Sultan Kudarat is predominantly agricultural. With vast agricultural potential, the output consists of practically all types of crops grown in the country, including rice, corn, beef, coffee, and vegetables. The province is self-sufficient in poultry, swine, and root crops. The province is one of the few producers of Irish potatoes in the Philippines. The southern Philippines Grain Complex in Tacurong is the largest grains-processing complex in the country. There are more than 200 ricemills in the province.
Fishing is a fast growing industry. Tuna caught along the coasts along the Celebes Seaare of high quality, and are exported to Japan and Europe.